The upper classes certainly had no prejudice against foreign marriages; the lower classes may well have had more, and, on the whole, it is possible to view Pericles here as championing exclusivist tendencies against immigrants who might break down the fabric of Athenian society.
There was domestic criticismhowever. Was he, it was asked, influenced by some private grievance of Aspasia? By the first century B. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.
Duruy, History of Greece Eng.
He was a frank imperialist, enlightened perhaps, but severe. No permission is granted for commercial use. While those of you who have passed your prime must congratulate yourselves with the thought that the best part of your life was fortunate, and that the brief span that remains will be cheered by the fame of the departed.
The Athenians reply that, although Melos has done nothing to offend them, they are justified in destroying them simply because they can: Not long after, however, when Ephialtes fell by the dagger, Pericles undoubtedly assumed the leading position in the state.
In his attitude towards the members of the Delian League Pericles likewise maintained a purely Athenian point of view. At Tanagra in Boeotia a pitched battle was fought, in which both Pericles and the partisans of Cimon distinguished themselves.
Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Plato, while admiring Pericles' intellect, accuses him of pandering to the mob; Aristotle in his Politics and especially in the Constitution of Athens, which is valuable in that it gives the dates of Pericles' enactments as derived from an official document, accepts the same view.
In proof of this it may be noticed that the Lacedaemonians do not invade our country alone, but bring with them all their confederates; while we Athenians advance unsupported into the territory of a neighbour, and fighting upon a foreign soil usually vanquish with ease men who are defending their homes.
The arrival of the Sophist philosophers in Athens occurred during his middle life, and he seems to have taken full advantage of the society of Zeno and particularly Anaxagorasfrom whom he is said to have learned impassivity in the face of trouble and insult and skepticism about alleged divine phenomena.
Thucydides, son of Melesias not the historian and a relative of Cimon, who had inherited some of his political support, denounced both the extravagance of the project and the immorality of using allied funds to finance it.
In his home policy Pericles carried out more fully Ephialtes' project of making the Athenian people truly selfgoverning. As the building program continued, Pericles demonstrated Athenian superiority in other ways.
These issues were to face Athens throughout the life of Pericles, but the fateful step was taken inat a time when Persia was on the defensive and Sparta was crippled by the effects of earthquakes, followed by internal dissension.
The campaign culminated in disaster; the besieging force was defeated and destroyed. Such is the Athens for which these men, in the assertion of their resolve not to lose her, nobly fought and died; and well may every one of their survivors be ready to suffer in her cause.
The obvious purpose of these proposals was the instigation of a confrontation between Pericles and the people; this event, indeed, would come about a few years later. In command of an Athenian army Pericles crossed to Euboea and then rushed back to face the enemy in Attica.
According to Plutarch, after assuming the leadership of Athens, "he was no longer the same man as before, nor alike submissive to the people and ready to yield and give in to the desires of the multitude as a steersman to the breezes".
He himself died of the plague in the autumn of BC. There, far from exercising a jealous surveillance over each other, we do not feel called upon to be angry with our neighbour for doing what he likes, or even to indulge in those injurious looks which cannot fail to be offensive, although they inflict no positive penalty.
According to Athanasios G. Pericles thought and acted swiftly.
He was soon reelected, but he took no new initiatives before his death in autumn Pericles's general policy was finally approved by the ostracism of Thucydides in The sculptor Pheidias q.
After the bodies have been laid in the earth, a man chosen by the state, of approved wisdom and eminent reputation, pronounces over them an appropriate panegyric; after which all retire. Against this fear is our chief safeguard, teaching us to obey the magistrates and the laws, particularly such as regard the protection of the injured, whether they are actually on the statute book, or belong to that code which, although unwritten, yet cannot be broken without acknowledged disgrace.
Eminently fitted for a public career, Pericles chose to follow the example of Cleisthenes and advocate a more advanced democracy.
If peace with Persia did not end the alliance, it may have ended the annual tribute paid to that treasury. The Athenians demanded their immediate surrender, but after the Battle of CoroneaPericles was forced to concede the loss of Boeotia in order to recover the prisoners taken in that battle.
The policy of war with Persia was abandoned and a formal peace probably made. Visit Website Did you know?In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides makes clear what a disaster Pericles’ death was for Athens in that those who came after him desired to be popular rather than effective and, in so doing, doomed the city to ruin.
Even though Thucydides admired and supported Pericles, there is no reason to conclude that his claims are simply a form of bias.
The great statesman Pericles was credited with bringing Athens into its "golden age", at a pinnacle of culture, wealth, and influence that few other cultures have achieved in history.
Under Pericles. Through his mother Agariste, Pericles was a member of the Alcmeonids, a powerful family in Athens, who claimed descent from Nestor (king of Pylos in The Odyssey) Ancient History Sourcebook. Fordham University. Web. Monoson, S. Sara.
"Remembering Pericles. Pericles was born in BC into a wealthy political family. His learnings from his family members and his teachers influenced him in such a way that he became one. In his home policy Pericles carried out more fully Ephialtes' project of making the Athenian people truly selfgoverning.
His chief innovation was the introduction of payment from the public treasury for state service. Chief of all, he provided a remuneration of 1 tp 2 obols a day for the jurymen, probably in The period from to is in fact often referred to as the Age of Pericles in Ancient Greek history.
Over the course of his leadership, Pericles organized the construction of the Acropolis and.Download