Physical development during the prenatal stages essay

At the same time, women can avoid a great number of problems which are connected with prenatal period by using qualitative minerals and vitamins in their Physical development during the prenatal stages essay supply. During the prenatal time such vital organs as the brain, spinal cord, heart and others are forming.

Other reviews reported that most observational studies on iodine deficient children found some degree of cognitive impairment when compared to children from iodine sufficient areasand iodine supplementation trials in school age children have provided some promising results with respect to improvement of some cognitive processes Zimmermann,; Melse-Boonstra and Jaiswal, Juvenile Growth spurts are common around the "tween" years.

These periods can be differentiated as follows: The development of the frontal lobes, which are believed to control higher cognitive functions including planning, sequencing and self-regulationappears to occur in growth spurts during the first 2 years of life, and then again between 7 and 9 years of age and also around 15 years of age Thatcher, ; Bryan et al.

During long period of time-roughly 11 years for girls and 12 years for boys, marked changes take place in the child, both physically and psychologically.

Stress and pregnancy (prenatal and perinatal)

Success at this stage leads to feelings of wisdom, while failure results in regret, bitterness, and despair. There are variations in height, weight, sensory capacities and other areas of physical growth. More recently, some studies have directly examined the effect of breastfeeding on brain development and structure.

Qian, conducted a meta-analysis on studies from different locations in China where the soil is severely iodine deficient, and found a Conversely, more recent randomized control trials from India Taneja et al. These genes make each person unique. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

This has grown after the conception and now, continues to develop human structure and organs. Changes also take place in nerves, muscles, bones and joints which become larger, stronger and firmer. In contrast, there is currently inconclusive evidence regarding the association between obesity and cognition.

Studies have shown that the maturation of specific brain areas during childhood is associated with development of specific cognitive functions such as language, reading, and memory Nagy et al. Stage of Infancy and Babyhood: This period begins-at conception and ends at It is approximately or days in duration.

Babyhood is often referred to as infancy. After a continuous process of or days the new born baby comes out. Furthermore, it remains unclear whether the remaining, diminished associations between breastfeeding and child cognitive development are further confounded by factors that have not been controlled for Michaelsen et al.

The prenatal stage Is not Just about growth, but Involves various complex processes that can be affected by external forces.

Development in Late Adulthood

It is a fact that some infants are born prematurely. They are firm, with kindness, warmth and love. A sensitive period tends to reflect a broader timeframe; during such a developmental period the brain is more sensitive to specific interventions.

This babyhood is the true foundation period of life of human beings. The amnion is an encasing of fluid around the group of cells and serves to control temperature, provides safety, and helps to prevent hearing damage. When a woman is in the middle of her menstrual cycle, her ovum is released from her ovaries n order to be ready for possible fertilization.

Folate fortification of bread products has been made mandatory in Australia and in many other countries, which has reduced this deficiency significantly Brown et al.

Childhood Development Essay Childhood Development Essay Childhood is the culturally defined period in human development between infancy and adulthood. Furthermore, although iodine supplementation is critical for severely iodine deficient pregnant women, there is no general consensus about the effectiveness of iodine supplementation during pregnancy in countries with mild iodine deficiency.

Hence, this is a critical period, because during that time an irreversible change in the brain structure and function occurs if there is inadequate folic acid present Blencowe et al.

At first, the infant's heart-beats are per minute. Permissive, or indulgent, parents are accepting and warm but exert little control.

Babyhood is one of the two periods of rapid growth during the life span of human beings.

Childhood Development Essay

Lower maternal seafood consumption was also linked to suboptimal behavior at age seven measured using the Child Behavior Checklist and to lower levels of social, fine motor and language development measured using the Denver Developmental Screening test at six, 18, 30, and 42 months of age in the same study Hibbeln et al.

Those adolescents who consumed a macrobiotic diet until 6 years of age had lower levels of fluid intelligence, spatial ability and short term memory even with currently normal vitamin B12 status than the control subjects.

The invention and use of the ultrasound has made obstetrics a more precise science pregnancy a much less worrisome experience. Cystic fibrosis, Tay-Sachs disease, and sickle-cell anemia are examples of this type of abnormalities Shelov Various environmental factors including maternal malnutrition, substance abuse smoking, alcohol, and drugsviral infections, and others can result in adverse impacts on the developing brain.

The genetic makeup and sex of the baby are set at this point. After 5 days of mitosis there are cells, and after 9 months there are billions of cells.

The general pattern of growth and development is similar for all babies.The prenatal period of development is a time of physical growth, but what's going on inside the brain is critical for future psychological development.

Notes on Physical Growth and Development of a Child

The brain development that takes place during the prenatal period helps set the course for what will take place outside the womb.

Physical development refers to physical changes in the body and involves changes in bone thickness, size, weight, gross motor, fine motor, vision, hearing, and perceptual development.

Growth is rapid during the first two years of life. There are three main stages that a baby goes into while in the womb: The Germinal Stage, The Embryonic Stage, and the Fetal Stage.

While these stages of development are going on, the baby can be affected by various teratogens. Notes on Physical Growth and Development of a Child Jay Prakash it is called pre­natal development. During this pre-natal period the human organism passes through three general stages: Germinal, embryonic and fetal.

From the 8th week to birth, the development is known as fetal stage. Now it is called human fetus. Pregnancy is a time of anticipation, excitement, preparation, and, for many new parents, uncertainty.

The nine months of pregnancy will give you time to have your questions answered, calm your fears, and prepare yourself for the realities of parenthood. May 31,  · Socioemotional development in early childhood Early childhood presents a unique one-time opportunity for caregivers to promote healthy socioemotional development.

Research has proven the importance of the first 5 years of life in shaping a child’s physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development.

Physical development during the prenatal stages essay
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